Typha angustifolia – Typhacaea (cosmopolitan)
Habit: Towering thickets of foliage, forming large crops with its numerous rhizomes.
Average size: 100-200 cm tall.
Flowers: Separated into layers of male and female spadices, velvety dark brown; June to August.
Fruits: Like spadices, reddish brown, white-woolly clouds of seeds when ripe.
Leaves: Slender belts, upright to arching, pale light green.
Demands: Sun, needs warmth, frost hardy.
Soil: Swamp to permanently flooded, water 20-80 cm (max. up to 200 cm) deep, nutritious, little chalk, humic, sandy-gravely loam or mud, tolerates salt.