Pinus sylvestris – #Scots Pine# (indigenous)
Habit: Picturesque large tree with a varying habit, 10-30 m tall, 5-8 (10) m wide; conical when young, gradually with more extended branches; crown is loosely asymmetrical or umbrella-shaped; stem like main branches seldom perfectly straight, usually slightly bent or twisted; medium-growing, 20-40 cm a year.
Bark: Orange in the upper crown, flat; at the base of the stem, lengthways fissures in various hues of brown and grey.
Flowers: Light yellow male flowers, May.
Fruits: Small, grey-brown cones, 2.5-7 cm long.
Leaves: Needles in twos, blue or blue-green, more yellowish grey in winter; normally loses its older needles after being transplanted, but regenerates well.
Roots: Tolerant, deep roots, adaptable, resistant to being covered by loose material; flat roots on heavy or damp soil, where it needs support; tolerates short floods.
Demands: Sun, tolerates heat, frost hardy; good for urban areas, sensitive to air pollution, does not need wind protection.
Soil: Dry to damp; on all substrates, not growing in clay.
Our tip: Ideal for underplanting with perennials or shrubs of all kinds as it only casts light shadows and is tolerant of neighbours.
Hardiness: Zone 1
see also chapter on topiary plants