Nothofagus antarctica – Antarctic Beech (southern South America)
Habit: Bizarre, twisted and asymmetrical large shrub or small tree, 4-6 (8) m tall, 3-4 m wide; short or crooked stem; twigs fanned out, slow-growing here.
Flowers: Inconspicuous, aromatic.
Leaves: Ovoid, only 1-2 cm long, wavy on the margins, shiny green; yellow in autumn; leaves have resinous, grapefruity scent.
Roots: Cordate roots, sensitive to soil compaction.
Demands: Sun to light shade, for mild but cool, humid areas, moderately frost hardy; only of limited use in urban areas; needs wind protection.
Soil: Fresh to moist; on well drained, sandy-loamy to loamy soil, acidic to neutral.
Hardiness: Zone 7a