Mespilus germanica – Medlar (central and southern Europe, western Asia)
Habit: Large shrub or small tree, 3-5 m tall and wide; extended and expansive crown, also umbrella-shaped when old, several shoots or short stem; slow-growing.
Flowers: Large, individual white umbels after leaves shoot, end of May to June.
Fruits: Broadly round, apple-shaped, brown, white fruit flesh, hard, leathery skin, after frost mushy, then sticky and sweet, palatble.
Leaves: Lanceolate or elliptical, dark green; yellow or orange-brown in autumn, October to November.
Stem/twigs: Bark flat and scaly, reddish, yellowish and grey, twigs light grey, thorny.
Roots: Deep roots.
Demands: Sun to semi-shade, tolerates heat, likes warmth, moderately frost hardy, tolerant of urban pollution.
Soil: Dry to fresh; slightly acidic to very alkaline; well drained, loamy substrates.
Hardiness: Zone 5b