Ligustrum vulgare – Common Privet (central Europe)
Habit: Broadly bushy large shrub, 2-5 m tall and wide; asymmetrical, twigs partially on the ground and taking root; medium or only slow-growing; not more than 2 m tall as cut hedge.
Flowers: Small, white panicles, June to July; with pungent scent from afar.
Fruits: Pea-size, black berries, colours turning in August, some persistent into next spring; unpleasant taste, slightly poisonous.
Leaves: Early shoots at end of April, deciduous to semi-evergreen, pointed oval, leathery, dark green, pale green in autumn, sometimes bronze; October to November.
Roots: Very intense, shallow; tolerate covering.
Demands: Sun to semi-shade, tolerates heat, frost hardy, tolerant of urban pollution, wind resistant.
Soil: Not demanding, on any substrates except very acidic bog soil; only moderately salt tolerant.
Note: Tolerates any cut.
Hardiness: Zone 5a