Hippophae rhamnoides – Sea Buckthorn (central Europe)
Habit: Very varied, upright, extended large shrub or small tree with crooked stem, 1-5 (6-10) m tall, 2-3 m wide or more, sometimes extended like a thicket with its runners, twigs thorny, medium to fast-growing.
Flowers: Dioecious, before leaves shoot, inconspicuously brownish; April.
Fruits: Decorative orange, juicy berries; sweet/sour, edible, high vitamin C content; colour pales in late winter; single shrubs without fruit.
Leaves: Linear, lanceolate, grey-green to silvery, persistent, falling without autumn colours in November-December.
Roots: Deep roots with shallow creeping lateral roots and runners up to 5 m from shrub, lift pavements; collect nitrogen, tolerate covering and floods; sensitive to soil compaction.
Demands: Needs a lot of light, tolerates heat, frost hardy; good for urban areas, wind resistant.
Soil: Well drained, sandy or gravely substrates, moderately dry to fresh, but do not overestimate resistance to drought; only on alkaline substrates, avoids humus; tolerates salt.
Note: Do not plant near paths as runners lift the pavement.
Hardiness: Zone 4