Fraxinus ornus – Manna Ash (southern Europe, western Asia)
Habit: Small tree with round crown, 6-8 (10) m tall, 4-6 m wide, short stem or several stems, then more funnel-shaped; branches reaching up or outwards, twigs horizontally or upwardly bent, rarely arching; slow-growing, 15 cm a year.
Flowers: Up to 15 cm long, feathery, cream-white, terminal panicles with delicate scent, somewhat reminiscent of lilac, May, flowering for 10-14 days, only older specimens.
Leaves: Late shoots, dense foliage, pinnate, ovoid leaflets, shiny dark green, bronze-violet to orange-brown or only green when they fall off in autumn, grey winter buds.
Roots: Deep to cordate roots with far-reaching, shallow extended lateral roots; sensitive to soil compaction.
Demands: Sun to light shade, then with few flowers; extremely tolerant of heat and drought, moderately frost hardy; the extent of the frost damage depends on the soil quality, good for urban and industrial areas, wind resistant but flowers are sensitive to wind.
Soil: Best on well drained, gravely or sandy-loamy soil (neutral) alkaline to very alkaline, no clay, dry to fresh.
Hardiness: Zone 7a