Euonymus europaeus – Spindle (central Europe)
Habit: Upright large shrub, occasionally small tree with crooked stem and round crown, 1.5-6 m tall, 2-4 m tall; slow to medium growing.
Fruits: From the end of August like those of splendid spindle trees, initially carmine-pink, gradually red; orange husk; poisonous.
Leaves: Ovoid to elliptical; early in April, dark green, bronze in September, soon turning radiant yellow-orange or scarlet.
Roots: Intense cordate roots.
Demands: Sun to semi-shade, needs warmth, frost hardy, does not need wind protection.
Soil: nutritious and heavy, moderately dry to damp substrates, neutral to alkaline; sensitive to salt.
Hardiness: Zone 4