Euonymus alatus (eastern Asia)
(= E. alata)
Habit: A bizarre shrub, 2-3 m tall and wide; twigs asymmetrically upright to horizontal, each with four wing-like cork strips; slow-growing.
Fruits: Reddish like those of spindle trees, orange seed husks, from the beginning of September, poisonous.
Leaves: Elliptical, dark green; shoots early in April, orange-red or bright carmine from September.
Roots: Dense and shallow; sensitive to compaction and mechanic injuries.
Demands: Sun and semi-shade, leaves also change colours well in light shade; sensitive to heat and drought; frost hardy.
Soil: All nutritious soil; acidic to alkaline.
Hardiness: Zone 4