Crataegus monogyna – Common Hawthorn, May, Quick (central Europe)
Habit: Asymmetrical large shrub or small tree, 2-6 (10) m tall, 2-5 m wide; dense twigs with horizontally extended twig layers, some arching; small crown when old; moderate growth, 15-25 cm a year.
Flowers: Plentiful with white umbels, end of May to beginning of June; pungent smell.
Fruits: Roundish, dark red, edible fruits from September on, tasteless and mealy.
Leaves: Deeply cut; early fresh green shoots from beginning or middle of April, later pale to dark green; wine-red to yellow-orange from mid-October.
Roots: Deep roots with far-reaching lateral roots, sensitive to soil compaction and pavements.
Demands: Sun to semi-shade, tolerant of heat, frost hardy; tolerates more drought than C. laevigata; tolerant of urban pollution, very wind resistant.
Soil: Dry to fresh, on all nutritious, neutral to chalky substrates; withers on poor, dry substrates, sensitive to salt.
Note: Excellent for topiary and hedges.
Hardiness: Zone 5a