Cornus mas – Cornelian Cherry (= C. mascula) (central Europe)
Habit: Large shrub, rarely a small tree, 3-6 (8) m tall and wide; initially broadly upright, finally broadly bushy to domed with extended, almost horizontal twigs, slow-growing, 10-20 cm a year.
Flowers: Enchanting spring flowers with masses of small, yellow umbels before leaves shoot (February) March to April, persistent, especially in cool weather three to four weeks, slight, sweet fragrance.
Fruits: Oval, cherry-size stone fruits, from August, shiny scarlet to blackish red, edible, acidic.
Leaves: Elliptical, intense; pale yellow or orange in autumn, from October.
Roots: Very intense cordate roots, sensitive to soil compaction; needs careful planting.
Demands: Sunny to semi-shady, very crooked in dark shade; tolerates heat, frost hardy, good for urban areas; wind resistant, not demanding, adaptable shrub.
Soil: On all well drained, nutritious, possibly chalky substrates.
Note: Takes well to cutting, from June and not too late in the year as the twigs become increasingly hard and brittle; the plant’s natural tendency to grow into a tree can be furthered with special cultivation. We offer one-stem, attractive small trees.
Hardiness: Zone 5a
Also see chapter on topiary plants.