Cornus canadensis – Creeping Dogwood
(northern Asia, northern North America, Greenland)
Habit: Carpets, some 0.1-0.15 m tall; more a perennial than a dwarf shrub; has runners; slow-growing.
Flowers: The actual, inconspicuous green-white flowers are surrounded by four white bracts; end of May to July; pretty flower carpet.
Fruits: Clusters, packed together; scarlet berries from August; mealy taste, not poisonous.
Leaves: Small, elliptical, dark green; some reddish autumn colour.
Demands: Semi-shady to shady; cool to cold; frost hardy, likes high humidity; sensitive to open, sunny areas; good as underplanting.
Soil: Acidic to slightly acidic; moist, organic soil.
Note: Grows through deciduous or conifer carpets.
Hardiness: Zone 2