Cornus alba – Red-barked Dogwood (northern Asia)
Habit: Normal shrub, 2-3 m tall, 3-5 m wide, initially upright, later broad to broadly prostrate, twigs taking root on contact with the ground, like a thicket; fast-growing.
Bark: Deep red or blood-red on young twigs, preferably in late winter; after 5 years, bark is inconspicuous, corky grey.
Flowers: Modest, white umbels after leaves shoot, end of May.
Fruits: Whitish, fleshy berries in October.
Leaves: Ovoid, bluish to dark green; greenish orange in September to October.
Demands: Sun to semi-shade, not lasting in full shade, withers in hot areas, extremely frost hardy, wind resistant.
Soil: Moist or fresh soil preferred, but withstands moderate droughts; not demanding, all not too poor substrates.
Note: If value is placed on an attractive bark colour all year, the shrub should be cut back to the ground in March as new shoots have the best colours the following year.
Hardiness: Zone 3