Chaenomeles japonica – Japanese Quince (Japan)
Habit: Broad small shrub, 1m tall and wide, rarely and only slowly becoming larger; slow-growing.
Flowers: Unusual brick-red or scarlet flower colour, from March to beginning of May before leaves shoot.
Fruits: Green-yellow, small quinces, aromatic, persistent, edible.
Leaves: Broadly ovoid, shiny dark green, no autumn colours.
Roots: Shallow, sensitive to soil compaction; forms runners, numerous sprouts up to 3 m away when roots are damaged.
Demands: Sun, at most light shade, tolerates heat but then only has flowers a short time, likes warmth, early flowers sensitive to late frost, otherwise frost hardy, flowers sensitive to wind, thus plant with protection.
Soil: On all well drained, nutritious, not too chalky soil, moderately dry to moist.
Hardiness: Zone 5a