Ceratonia siliqua – Carob Tree, St John’s Bread- Leguminosae (Mediterranean)
Habit: Small tree, up to 10 m tall, broadly extended crown, slow-growing, forming extensive root balls.
Flowers: Dioecious, inconspicuous, yellowish to reddish, in short clusters of racemes directly on the stem and branches, summer to autumn.
Fruit: Pendent, flattened, brown-violet to dark brown carobs, 20 to 25 cm long, round, flat seeds, edible.
Leaves: Evergreen, small, in pinnate pairs, leathery, succulent, obovate, shiny dark green, reddish shoots.
Demands: Full sun, sheltered, temperate or cold house; tolerant of heat, drought and cutting.
Natural habitat: Well drained, sandy, nutritious to poor soil, acidic to alkaline.
Note: Not good in pots.
Hardiness: Zone 9