Betula jaquemontii (= B. utilis; B. utilis ‘Doorenbos’)
(Nepal, north India, western China)
Habit: Picturesque, medium-size tree, sometimes a decorative shrub, (7) 10-15 m tall, 6-10 m wide; initially broadly conical, later with flattened crown, domed; usually with short stem, main branches reaching upwards like a funnel, twigs horizontal to lilting, loose and transparent; slow-growing, 20-30 cm a year.
Bark: Initially reddish white, then shimmering white; crossways stripes and peeling.
Flowers: 12 cm long, yellowish catkins before leaves shoot, April.
Leaves: Pointedly ovoid, thick, pale dark green; splendid golden yellow in autumn, October.
Roots: Shallow , main roots, some at the surface; lifts pavements; sensitive to paving and soil compaction.
Demands: Sun, in cool, humid areas, frost hardy.
Soil: Fresh to moist, slightly acidic to neutral substrates; well drained, sandy-loamy, also on sterile soil.
Hardiness: Zone 6a