Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Red Bearberry (Alpine regions, Europe to northern Asia)
Habit: Prostrate dwarf shrub forming mats, 15-30 cm tall, 60-100 cm wide; very slow-growing; shallow, dense and squat.
Flowers: Bell-shaped in short racemes, white, pink margins; April to May.
Fruits: Round, pea-sized, conspicuous red stone fruits, edible but mealy and tasteless.
Leaves: Evergreen, leathery, small, dark green, shiny on top; dull green underneath; reverse ovoid.
Roots: Adaptable shallow or deep roots; fine root system, very sensitive to drought.
Demands: Sun or only light shade; warm to cool areas; frost hardy; high humidity.
Soil: Moderately dry to fresh; acidic to slightly alkaline; on all well drained, loose substrates.
Hardiness: Zone 3